Strep Throat SymptomsPosted: April 7, 2012
Burning sensation of discomfort in the back of the throat.
Visible redness and swelling.
Discomfort when swallowing and speaking.
What is Strep Throat Symptoms
Sore throat or strep throat, is one of the most common reason for physician visits. And also the reason why more than 100 million days of absence from work each year and countless days of missed school children. Sore throat – this is a standard sign of infection (usually viral origin, but in some cases, bacterial) or irritation of the pharynx, the back of the mouth behind the tongue.
Not surprisingly, the throat – the painful area. Along with the nose, throat – this is the first protecting the body against invading viruses or bacteria . Sore throat caused by a virus , develops gradually over time. It is often accompanied by flu or cold, and if there is fever, the temperature of 37,5 ° C or below.
Sore throat of bacterial origin usually develops rapidly, the glands in the neck often become swollen and sensitive, there is a headache. Fever is usually at a temperature of 37,7 ° C or higher. The throat may be very red, with white or yellow spots on the back.
Strep throat infection is the most common throat infection of bacterial origin. It is less common than viral sore throat, but if you misuse antibiotics, but can lead to complications such as glomerulonephritis and rheumatic inflammation, which may be associated with serious diseases of the heart, brain, skin and joints.
What causes this condition?
Most often sore throat is a virus , especially one that is accompanied by a runny nose. Less than 15% of all sore throat is Streptococcus pyogenes.
The irritation may develop from a local infection in the throat or runny nose, which is a common symptom of sinusitis, colds and various allergic reactions . Sore throat, associated with allergy, usually accompanied by a burning sensation in the eyes and clogged nose or current.
Influenza – an ordinary viral infection for which there is high fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, coughing and sore throat. In infectious mononucleosis , commonly caused by Epstein-Barr virus, among other symptoms of sore throat is present. Sometimes cause a sore throat can dental procedures, and some sore throats are caused by spicy food. Excessive zeal common in sports, too, can lead to inflammation and aching in the throat. Other less important causes of sore throats are dry air at high temperature, smoking and air pollution. Sore throat may be an early sign of more serious diseases such as aplastic anemia.
What happens if I do nothing?
Sore throat due to colds or influenza , is usually self stops and goes in a few days as your body fights the virus. Nature of the Viral sore throat is not treated with antibiotics, but symptoms can be alleviated measures of self-treatment. Inflammation of the throat, a bacterial nature requires treatment with antibiotics . If you leave the infection, such as strep, without treatment, it can lead to rheumatic inflammation, or other serious complications.
Take a painkiller. Both adults and children can take the pain medications that are sold without a prescription, like ibuprofen or acetaminophen as directed in the instructions. (Since the sore throat may be due to the flu, children under 19 years with sore throat should not take aspirin, because aspirin and flu in children associated with the risk of Reye’s syndrome, a rare but potentially fatal disease.)
Gargle. Gargle several times a day with a solution of one teaspoon of layers in a glass of warm water. This may temporarily soothe sore throats and help get rid of phlegm.
Drink hot. cup of herbal tea or chicken soup may help with sore throat, warming and clearing razrazhennye membrane.
Use a humidifier or vaporizer with a cool mist. This will make the air moist and help keep the nasal membranes and throat moist at all times.
Suck lozenges. This will help to stimulate saliva production, thus keeping your throat moist.
Accept the sanitary measures. best way to avoid infection from microorganisms that cause sore throat – wash your hands regularly, do not touch your nose, eyes and mouth and close your mouth when you cough or sneeze.
Do not smoke. Avoid cigarette rack and other irritants the throat.
When to seek medical attention.
Call your doctor if the sore throat lasts more than a day or two and you have a temperature above 37.6 C – you may have a bacterial infection. Also, call your doctor if you have a sore ear.
Immediately call your doctor if, in addition to a sore throat and high temperature, you’re hoarse, and / or have swollen tongue and throat. This may mean that an abscess formed in his throat, and that the pus is going above the tonsils. This infection requires treatment in the early stages with antibiotics, and possibly with surgery.
What will the doctor
After clarifying the history of the disease your doctor will take a sample from the throat culture if there is a suspicion of bacterial infection. If the diagnosis is positive, you can prescribe antibiotics. If mononucleosis is suspected, will make a special study of the blood.
If you often inflamed throat, and the reason is tonsillitis (infection of the tonsils, which are located on both sides of the throat), your doctor may recommend to remove the tonsils (tonsils). As with all surgical procedures, get a second specialist advice.